Transmission

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linear_network_coding

Fountain Code

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fountain_code

Secret Sharing

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shamir's_Secret_Sharing

分擔風險。拼圖。多項式內插唯一解定理。中國餘數定理。

Zero-knowledge Proof

向他人證明自己知道某個秘密,但是他人無法得知秘密。

Secure Multi-party Computation

眾人的秘密實施特定計算,彼此知道計算結果,但是彼此不知道秘密。

https://www.zhihu.com/question/56103471/answer/147792433
https://www.zhihu.com/question/60042833/answer/173025969

Blockchain

https://www.zhihu.com/question/37290469/answer/107612456

https://draveness.me/iota-tangle

Fault Tolerance

http://stilwell-git.github.io/life/2017/02/09/WC2017.html

任之洲《Ulam猜数游戏》。扔蛋、秤球。

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two_Generals'_Problem
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_fault_tolerance